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Methanol, CH3OH

조회 수 7007 추천 수 0 2010.05.31 22:11:30
Material Safety Data Sheet
Methanol Mixture

ACC# 89873
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company Identification

MSDS Name: Methanol Mixture 
Catalog Numbers: NC9266186, NC952024, XXMETH95%20L, XXMETH95%SS2 
Synonyms:
 None. 
Company Identification:

              Fisher Scientific
              1 Reagent Lane
              Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 
For information, call:
 201-796-7100 
Emergency Number:
 201-796-7100 
For CHEMTREC assistance, call:
 800-424-9300 
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:
 703-527-3887

Section 2 - Composition, Information on Ingredients

CAS#Chemical NamePercentEINECS/ELINCS
67-56-1Methyl alcohol95.0200-659-6
7732-18-5Water5.0231-791-2
112-30-1Decanol<1.0203-956-9

Section 3 - Hazards Identification

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

Appearance: Not available. Flash Point: 52 deg F. Poison! Cannot be made non-poisonous. Causes eye and skin irritation. May be absorbed through intact skin. This substance has caused adverse reproductive and fetal effects in animals. Danger! Flammable liquid and vapor. Harmful if inhaled. May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed. May cause central nervous system depression. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause liver, kidney and heart damage. 
Target Organs: Kidneys, heart, central nervous system, liver, eyes. 


Potential Health Effects 
Eye: Produces irritation, characterized by a burning sensation, redness, tearing, inflammation, and possible corneal injury. May cause painful sensitization to light. 
Skin: Causes moderate skin irritation. May be absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts. Prolonged and/or repeated contact may cause defatting of the skin and dermatitis. 
Ingestion: May be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure. May cause cardiopulmonary system effects. 
Inhalation: Harmful if inhaled. May cause adverse central nervous system effects including headache, convulsions, and possible death. May cause visual impairment and possible permanent blindness. Causes irritation of the mucous membrane. 
Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute inhalation and ingestion. Chronic exposure may cause reproductive disorders and teratogenic effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Prolonged exposure may cause liver, kidney, and heart damage.

Section 4 - First Aid Measures


Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately. 
Skin: Immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Wash clothing before reuse. 
Ingestion: Call a poison control center. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. 
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask. 
Notes to Physician: Effects may be delayed. Ethanol may inhibit methanol metabolism.

Section 5 - Fire Fighting Measures


General Information: Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire. As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Water runoff can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Flammable Liquid. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Water may be ineffective. Material is lighter than water and a fire may be spread by the use of water. Vapors may be heavier than air. They can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas. May be ignited by heat, sparks, and flame. 
Extinguishing Media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. For large fires, use water spray, fog or alcohol-resistant foam. Do NOT use straight streams of water. 
Flash Point: 52e deg F ( 11.11 deg C) 
Autoignition Temperature: 867 deg F ( 463.89 deg C) 
Explosion Limits, Lower:6.0 
Upper: 36 
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 1; Flammability: 3; Instability: 0

Section 6 - Accidental Release Measures


General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8. 
Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors. Water spray may reduce vapor but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.

Section 7 - Handling and Storage


Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame. Avoid breathing vapor or mist. 
Storage: Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Keep containers tightly closed. Do not store in aluminum or lead containers.

Section 8 - Exposure Controls, Personal Protection


Engineering Controls: Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits. Use only under a chemical fume hood. 
Exposure Limits
Chemical NameACGIHNIOSHOSHA - Final PELs
Methyl alcohol200 ppm TWA; 250 ppm STEL; skin - potential for cutaneous absorption200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA 6000 ppm IDLH200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA
Waternone listednone listednone listed
Decanolnone listednone listednone listed

OSHA Vacated PELs: Methyl alcohol: 200 ppm TWA; 260 mg/m3 TWA Water: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical. Decanol: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical. 
Personal Protective Equipment 
Eyes: Wear chemical goggles. 
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. 
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure. 
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.

Section 9 - Physical and Chemical Properties


Physical State: Liquid 
Appearance: Not available. 
Odor: alcohol-like 
pH: Not available. 
Vapor Pressure: Not available. 
Vapor Density: Not available. 
Evaporation Rate:Not available. 
Viscosity: Not available. 
Boiling Point: Not available. 
Freezing/Melting Point:Not available. 
Decomposition Temperature:Not available. 
Solubility: Not available. 
Specific Gravity/Density:Not available. 
Molecular Formula:Not available. 
Molecular Weight:Not available.

Section 10 - Stability and Reactivity


Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures. 
Conditions to Avoid: High temperatures, ignition sources. 
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, isocyanates, aliphatic amines, caustics (e.g. ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide). 
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, formaldehyde. 
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported

Section 11 - Toxicological Information


RTECS#: 
CAS# 67-56-1: PC1400000 
CAS# 7732-18-5: ZC0110000 
CAS# 112-30-1: HE4375000 
LD50/LC50:
CAS# 67-56-1:
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 40 mg Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 100 mg/24H Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 20 mg/24H Moderate;
Inhalation, rabbit: LC50 = 81000 mg/m3/14H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 64000 ppm/4H;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 7300 mg/kg;
Oral, rabbit: LD50 = 14200 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 5600 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 15800 mg/kg;


CAS# 7732-18-5:
Oral, rat: LD50 = >90 mL/kg;


CAS# 112-30-1:
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 83 mg Severe;
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 500 mg/24H Mild;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 2600 mg/24H Moderate;
Draize test, rabbit, skin: 20 mg/24H Moderate;
Inhalation, mouse: LC50 = 4 gm/m3/2H;
Oral, mouse: LD50 = 6500 mg/kg;
Oral, rat: LD50 = 4720 mg/kg;
Skin, rabbit: LD50 = 3560 mg/kg;


Carcinogenicity:
CAS# 67-56-1: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA. CAS# 7732-18-5: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA. CAS# 112-30-1: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA. 
Epidemiology: No data available. 
Teratogenicity: Effects on Newborn: Behaviorial, Oral, rat: TDLo=7500 mg/kg (female 17-19 days after conception). Effects on Embryo or Fetus: Fetotoxicity, Inhalation, rat: TCLo=10000 ppm/7H (female 7-15 days after conception). Specific Developmental Abnormalities: Cardiovascular, Musculoskeletal, Urogenital, Inhalation, rat: TCLo=20000 ppm/7H (7-14 days after conception). 
Reproductive Effects: Paternal Effects: Spermatogenesis: Intraperitoneal, mouse TDLo=5 g/kg ( male 5 days pre-mating). Fertility: Oral, rat: TDLo = 35295 mg/kg (female 1-15 days after conception). Paternal Effects: Testes, Epididymis, Sperm duct: Oral, rat: TDLo = 200 ppm/20H (male 78 weeks pre-mating). 
Neurotoxicity: ACGIH cites neuropathy, vision and CNS under TLV basis. 
Mutagenicity: DNA inhibition: Human Lymphocyte = 300 mmol/L. DNA damage: Oral, rat = 10 umol/kg. Mutation in microorganisms: Mouse Lymphocyte = 7900 mg/L. Cytogenetic analysis: Oral, mouse = 1 gm/kg. 
Other Studies: No data available.

Section 12 - Ecological Information


Ecotoxicity: Fish: Fathead Minnow: 29.4 g/L; 96 Hr; LC50 (unspecified)Fish: Goldfish: 250 ppm; 11 Hr; resulted in deathFish: Rainbow trout: 8000 mg/L; 48 Hr; LC50 (unspecified)Fish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 13-68 mg/L; 96 Hr.; 12 degrees CFish: Fathead Minnow: LC50 = 29400 mg/L; 96 Hr.; 25 degrees C, pH 7.63Fish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 8000 mg/L; 48 Hr.; UnspecifiedBacteria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 51,000-320,000 mg/L; 30 minutes; Microtox test No data available. 
Environmental: Dangerous to aquatic life in high concentrations. Aquatic toxicity rating: TLm 96>1000 ppm. May be dangerous if it enters water intakes. Methyl alcohol is expected to biodegrade in soil and water very rapidly. This product will show high soil mobility and will be degraded from the ambient atmosphere by the reaction with photochemically produced hyroxyl radicals with an estimated half-life of 17.8 days. Bioconcentration factor for fish (golden ide) < 10. Based on a log Kow of -0.77, the BCF value for methanol can be estimated to be 0.2. 
Physical: No information available. 
Other: No information available.

Section 13 - Disposal Considerations

Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification. 
RCRA P-Series: None listed. 
RCRA U-Series: CAS# 67-56-1: waste number U154 (Ignitable waste).

Section 14 - Transport Information

US DOTIATARID/ADRIMOCanada TDG
Shipping Name:Not reviewed.No information available.
Hazard Class:
UN Number:
Packing Group:

Section 15 - Regulatory Information

US FEDERAL

TSCA 
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory. 
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory. 
CAS# 112-30-1 is listed on the TSCA inventory. 
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List. 
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule. 
Section 12b
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b. 
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA. 
SARA

CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
CAS# 67-56-1: 5000 lb final RQ; 2270 kg final RQ 
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ. 
SARA Codes
CAS # 67-56-1: acute, flammable. CAS # 112-30-1: flammable. 
Section 313
This material contains Methyl alcohol (CAS# 67-56-1, 95 0%),which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. 
Clean Air Act:
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors. 
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA. 
OSHA:
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA. 
STATE
CAS# 67-56-1 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts. 
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ. 
CAS# 112-30-1 can be found on the following state right to know lists: Pennsylvania. 
California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. 

European/International Regulations

European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols:
T F 
Risk Phrases:

R 11 Highly flammable. 
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin 
and if swallowed. 
R 39/23/24/25 Toxic : danger of very serious 
irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact 
with skin and if swallowed. 

Safety Phrases:

S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No 
smoking. 
S 36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and 
gloves. 
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek 
medical advice immediately (show the label where 
possible). 
S 7 Keep container tightly closed. 

WGK (Water Danger/Protection)

CAS# 67-56-1: 1 
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available. 
CAS# 112-30-1: 1 
Canada - DSL/NDSL
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List. 
CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada's DSL List. 
CAS# 112-30-1 is listed on Canada's DSL List. 
Canada - WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D1B, D2B. 
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 67-56-1 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
CAS# 112-30-1 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
Exposure Limits
CAS# 67-56-1: OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);Ski
n OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);STEL 250 ppm;Skin OEL-BELGIU
M:TWA 200 ppm (262 mg/m3);STEL 250 ppm;Skin OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKIA:TWA 10
0 mg/m3;STEL 500 mg/m3 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);Skin OEL-
FINLAND:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);STEL 250 ppm;Skin OEL-FRANCE:TWA 200 
ppm (260 mg/m3);STEL 1000 ppm (1300 mg/m3) OEL-GERMANY:TWA 200 ppm (2
60 mg/m3);Skin OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 50 mg/m3;STEL 100 mg/m3;Skin JAN9 OEL
-JAPAN:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);Skin OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 200 ppm (
260 mg/m3);Skin OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3) OEL-POLA
ND:TWA 100 mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:TWA 200 ppm;STEL 5 mg/m3;Skin OEL-SWEDEN
:TWA 200 ppm (250 mg/m3);STEL 250 ppm (350 mg/m3);Skin OEL-SWITZERLAN
D:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);STEL 400 ppm;Skin OEL-THAILAND:TWA 200 ppm 
(260 mg/m3) OEL-TURKEY:TWA 200 ppm (260 mg/m3) OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TW
A 200 ppm (260 mg/m3);STEL 250 ppm;Skin OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JO
RDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM ch
eck ACGI TLV 
CAS# 112-30-1: OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 10 mg/m3 

Section 16 - Additional Information

MSDS Creation Date: 3/23/1998 
Revision #7 Date: 12/03/2002 

The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall Fisher be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

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